Workers installing new rail lines. Construction is one of the sectors receiving the most migrant workers across ASEAN. – VNA/VNS Photo: Công PhongViet Nam News
SINGAPORE – With labour migration on the rise across ASEAN, countries like Việt Nam, which sends a large number of workers abroad and relies on remittances for 7 per cent of its GDP, should strengthen protections for workers while lowering barriers to their mobility, argues a new World Bank report released yesterday in Singapore.The report, “Migrating to Opportunity”, highlights the importance of migrant workers to the region as a whole: ASEAN countries received US$62 billion in remittances in 2015. It also articulates challenges faced by ASEAN migrant workers, focusing on barriers to their mobility. The report concludes that removing barriers for skilled workers and decreasing obstacles for all workers would increase ASEAN worker welfare by 14 and 12 per cent respectively.
Labour migration rose significantly between 1995 and 2015, with Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand becoming the regional migration hubs. The significant differences in wages among ASEAN countries create opportunities for workers to earn more money when they cross the borders. Migration usually increases the salaries in receiving countries, which benefits both migrant workers and local ones.But migrant workers are often vulnerable, and policies across the region do little to address their needs. According to UN data, 80 per cent of intra-ASEAN migrants are low-skilled and many of them are undocumented. Contruction, plantation and domestic services are the sectors that receive most of migrant workers.
Current challenges facing migrant workers include lack of protections for migrant workers, high recruitment costs at recruitment centers, costly and lengthy migration procedures, migration quotas and domestic employment policies that prevent workers from easily changing jobs.Since migrant workers often find themselves at the mercy of recruitment agencies that promise to find them jobs abroad, Việt Nam needs to better regulate labour export companies to protect the rights of workers. The report also recommends that it consider a national migration strategy to guide reforms.”
Source: VN should strengthen migrant labor protections: World Bank – Society – Vietnam News | Politics, Business, Economy, Society, Life, Sports – VietNam News
Ban Nang was the first domesticated elephant in Đắk Lắk Province to become pregnant during the past 20 years. — Photo vietnamnet.vn
Viet Nam NewsĐắk Lắk — The first domesticated elephant in the Central Highlands province of Đắk Lắk to become pregnant in 20 years delivered a stillborn calf last Sunday, the Elephant Conservation Centre has reported.The male baby weighed around 90kg.The 38-year-old mother, Ban Nang, had gone into labour but did not deliver for long, veterinarians at the centre said.The animal is owned by Y Mứ Bkrông of M’Liêng village, Liên Sơn town.Huỳnh Trung Luân, director of the centre, said veterinarians had gone into the forest every day to check on the creature and foreign experts too had been on the job.Ban Nang had been released into the forest when it was six months pregnant so that it could give birth in the wild, he said.But the delivery had possibly been difficult because Ban Nang was too old and the centre’s veterinarians had no experience in caring for pregnant elephants, he said.
Source: 1st elephant baby in Đắk Lắk in 20 years is stillborn – Society – Vietnam News | Politics, Business, Economy, Society, Life, Sports – VietNam News
“HÀ NỘI – China’s construction and opening of a cinema on Phú Lâm island in Việt Nam’s Hoàng Sa (Paracel) archipelago violates Việt Nam’s sovereignty over the archipelago, said Vietnamese Foreign Ministry’s Spokesperson Lê Thị Thu Hằng.Hằng made the statement yesterday in response to reporters’ queries about Việt Nam’s reaction to Chinese activities on Phú Lâm island.“Việt Nam has full legal foundation and historical evidence to affirm its sovereignty over the Hoàng Sa and Trường Sa (Spratly) archipelagos,” she said.”China’s actions violate international law and cannot change Việt Nam’s sovereignty over the archipelagos,” she affirmed.”Việt Nam objects to China’s building and opening of the cinema and requests the country not to repeat similar actions,” the spokesperson stated.”
Source: VN objects to Chinese cinema on island – Politics & Laws – Vietnam News | Politics, Business, Economy, Society, Life, Sports – VietNam News
“Viet Nam News Politics & LawsViệt Nam willing to join int’l efforts in protecting sea environmentUpdate: February, 14/2017
“Vice National Assembly Chairwoman Tòng Thị Phóng delivers a speech at the discussion on maritime economic resources at the annual hearing of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the United Nations in New York. — VNA/VNS Photo Nguyễn Hữu HoàngViet Nam NewsNEW YORK – Việt Nam is willing to join hands with the international community in efforts to protect the marine environment while exploiting economic resources in a reasonable and effective manner in combination with the safeguarding of peace, security and sustainable growth of the country, said Vice National Assembly Chairwoman Tòng Thị Phóng. In her speech at the discussion on maritime economic resources at the annual hearing of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the United Nations in New York on Monday, the Vice Chairwoman said that Việt Nam had paid special attention to the development of sea-based economy in line with the protection of marine environment.
She noted Việt Nam is a coastal state, with an important position in the international waterway, adding that the country is also vulnerable to climate change, including sea level rise. She held that protecting maritime resources and environment is the shared responsibility of many countries, especially those owning financial strength and advanced technology. Amidst the imbalance of sea exploitation and environment protection that leads to serious consequences affecting sustainable development, Vice Chairwoman Phóng underlined that peace and security is the prerequisite condition for sustainable growth.
At the hearing, titled “A World of Blue: Preserving the oceans, safeguarding the planet, ensuring human well-being in the context of the 2030 Agenda,” she also made a number of proposals to ensure the harmony of sea resources exploitation and environmental protection, including the full implementation of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) to ensure security and safety at sea as well as the settlement of disputes through peaceful measures in line with international law. ”
Source: Việt Nam willing to join int’l efforts in protecting sea environment – Politics & Laws – Vietnam News | Politics, Business, Economy, Society, Life, Sports – VietNam News
“In addition to having a successful business year in 2016, Phu Nhuan Jewelry Joint Stock Company (PNJ) carried out many meaningful community activities in line with the sustainable development philosophy PNJ always pursues.2016 is regarded as an unforgettable year of PNJ with an impressive business performance. Aside from brand promotion activities, the highlight of PNJ in 2016 was CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility).”
Source: Community Spirit Of The Sustainable Development Enterprise – Community Spirit Of The Sustainable Development Enterprise – News from the Saigon Times
Here is some good news, to leaven the darkness coming out of the Trump Administration.
“HCMC – Concerned about the high possibility of population ageing in near future, the Ministry of Health has proposed relaxing the two-child policy in the draft population law.
The draft law, which has been sent to the Ministry of Justice for comment, presents two options for population planning: first, permitting couples and individuals to decide on the number of children they want to have but to an acceptable extent, and second, keeping the current two-child policy in place.
If the two-child policy is maintained, the population will age and the economy will face a labor shortage crisis in the next 5 to 10 years, said Nguyen Huy Quang, head of the Department of Legislation under the Health Ministry.
The current birth rate varies greatly among regions, cities and provinces. In certain places, the birth rate is far below replacement level, according to data of the ministry.For example, the rate is 1.45 children per woman of childbearing age in HCMC and 1.56 in Ba Ria-Vung Tau. Meanwhile, in most of the northern midland and mountainous provinces, the average fertility rate is 2.5 and the highest is 3.11 in Lai Chau.”
Source: Health ministry wants two-child policy relaxed – Health ministry wants two-child policy relaxed – News from the Saigon Times