Semicolons in the Chicaco Manual of Style

SemicolonsDisplay All Answers

Q. My question is about the proper use of semicolons. My editor wants me to use the following construct when I use “that is” or “for example”: “You can tailor much of the desktop environment; for example, the background window.”

A. CMOS does not support such use of the semicolon; semicolons—when not separating items in a syntactically complex series—should separate independent clauses:Deep-dish pizza has anchored me to the Midwest; that is, I’m unwilling to give it up and too heavy to leave.When an expression like “that is” is used to introduce a dependent clause, use a dash (or two) or parentheses:Having only one thing in common—namely, a knowledge of English—we decided to call it off.Snow is great until you have to do something about it (e.g., rescue injured skiers).

Hair loss was not much of a problem outdoors in 1910—in other words, back when you were expected to wear a hat.

« CloseQ.

Is the use of semicolons in the following series warranted (i.e., when the commas appear in the last member of the series and there’s no real threat of misreading)? It just looks weird to me: They were hunter-gatherers who sustained themselves by hunting; fishing; and gathering roots, berries, and various wild plants. A. You are right! The semicolons are pointless and counterproductive. They should be changed to commas. « Close

Source: Topic Q&A List

punctuation – Why does the multi-paragraph quotation rule exist? – English Language & Usage Stack Exchange

The answer to this question clearly explains the standard rule that when you have multiple quoted paragraphs, each new paragraph starts with an opening quotation mark, but only the final quoted paragraph has a closing quotation mark at its end.This Wikipedia article on Quotation Marks agrees: Quotation marks are used for multiple-paragraph quotations in some cases, especially in narratives. The convention in English is to give opening quotation marks to the first and each subsequent paragraph, using closing quotation marks only for the final paragraph of the quotation [ . . . ]However, neither explains why this is the standard practice. What good does it do? What is it trying to avoid? What harm would occur if it were ignored and people put both opening and closing quotation marks on each adjacent quoted paragraph?

Source: punctuation – Why does the multi-paragraph quotation rule exist? – English Language & Usage Stack Exchange

5 WordPress Themes for Professional Authors | Jane Friedman

5 WordPress Themes for Professional Authors

Posted on December 13, 2016 by Nate Hoffelder | 9 Comments Today’s guest post is by Nate Hoffelder of The Digital Reader (@thDigitalReader).

When it comes to websites, one of the first decisions you have to make is your choice of theme or template. A theme sets the tone for your site. It defines the site, and is the first clue users have about a site’s purpose.When an author chooses a theme, they need to pick one that both captures a visitor’s attention and helps the visitor find—and buy—the author’s work.If you’re getting ready to set up your author site, or you’re in the mood to refresh or rebrand the site, then you should consider the following themes created specifically for authors or that can be easily adapted.

Source: 5 WordPress Themes for Professional Authors | Jane Friedman

Hyphens – En Dashes – Em Dashes – CMOS

Hyphens, En Dashes, Em Dashes

Q. What is the difference in usage between an em dash and an en dash?

A. I will try to condense the various bits of information scattered throughout CMOS. First of all, there are three lengths of what are all more or less dashes: hyphen (-), en dash (–), and em dash (—). I frame it this way because the work they do is roughly related to their length (though I don’t think CMOS puts it this way outright).

The hyphen connects two things that are intimately related, usually words that function together as a single concept or work together as a joint modifier (e.g., tie-in, toll-free call, two-thirds).The en dash connects things that are related to each other by distance, as in the May–September issue of a magazine; it’s not a May-September issue, because June, July, and August are also ostensibly included in this range. And in fact en dashes specify any kind of range, which is why they properly appear in indexes when a range of pages is cited (e.g., 147–48). En dashes are also used to connect a prefix to a proper open compound: for example, pre–World War II. In that example, “pre” is connected to the open compound “World War II” and therefore has to do a little extra work (to bridge the space between the two words it modifies—space that cannot be besmirched by hyphens because “World War II” is a proper noun). Now, that is a rather fussy use of the en dash that many people ignore, preferring the hyphen.

The em dash has several uses. It allows, in a manner similar to parentheses, an additional thought to be added within a sentence by sort of breaking away from that sentence—as I’ve done here. Its use or misuse for this purpose is a matter of taste, and subject to the effect on the writer’s or reader’s “ear.” Em dashes also substitute for something missing. For example, in a bibliographic list, rather than repeating the same author over and over again, three consecutive em dashes (also known as a 3-em dash) stand in for the author’s name. In interrupted speech, one or two em dashes may be used: “I wasn’t trying to imply——” “Then just what were you trying to do?” Also, the em dash may serve as a sort of bullet point, as in this to-do list:

—wash the car

—walk the dog

—attempt to explain em and en dashes

This explanation is not intended to be exhaustive (for much more, see chapter 6 in CMOS 16), but I do hope that it helps to frame the different potential of each length of dash.

Source: FAQ Item

Saving in Multiple Locations (Microsoft Excel)

You may have a need to routinely copy a workbook to multiple locations on your system. For instance, the open workbook may need to be copied to a local hard drive and to several mapped drives that are actually on your office network.Excel doesn’t have a built-in capability to do this, but if the various locations are well defined, you can create a macro that will do the saving for you. The following macro is an example of such a tool:Sub SaveToLocations() Dim OrigName As String OrigName = ActiveWorkbook.FullName ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs “G:” + ActiveWorkbook.Name ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs “L:” + ActiveWorkbook.Name ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs “K:” + ActiveWorkbook.Name ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs “S:” + ActiveWorkbook.Name ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs OrigNameEnd Sub

Source: Saving in Multiple Locations (Microsoft Excel)

What is the Difference Between Copyediting and Line Editing?

“…By contrast, the goal of a copyedit is to address flaws on a very technical level – to make sure the writing that appears on the page is in accordance with industry standards. This is like an incredibly high-end proofread.

A copyedit: Corrects spelling, grammar, punctuation, and syntax

Ensures consistency in spelling, hyphenation, numerals, fonts, and capitalization

Flags ambiguous or factually incorrect statements (especially important for non-fiction)

Tracks macro concerns like internal consistency.Internal consistency means your plot, setting, and character traits don’t have discrepancies.

For example if on page 41 you write: Rosemary wore her blond hair in a bun, and then on page 67 you write Rosemary brushed her long black hair, it’s a copyeditor’s job to point that out.”

Source: What is the Difference Between Copyediting and Line Editing?

Organizing Your Thoughts With Note-Taking Apps – The New York Times

“MANY of us use our phones to jot down notes, whether we’re in a class, at an interview or trying to remember a shopping list. And many apps are available to help.One fabulous option for both students and professionals is Noteshelf. The app functions as a library of notebooks, letting you create a new book for each class or business meeting. You can title the notebooks and customize their covers to help identify them later. You can choose from different types of paper, including squared, lined, plain, and specialized designs intended for sports scores or music notation.When making notes in a book, you can type into text blocks, create freehand text, make diagrams and insert photos and audio. These elements can be combined on one page, and when one page is full you simply move to the next.”

Source: Organizing Your Thoughts With Note-Taking Apps – The New York Times